NOUVEAU MESSAGE DE SADDAM HUSSEIN
AUX CHIITES IRAKIENS
(13 AOÛT 2003)
- English Message
manuscrit du président irakien Saddam Hussein a appelé les
chiites de son pays à résister aux forces d’occupation
message diffusé ce mercredi 13 août par la télévision
satellitaire qatariote Al-Jazira, Saddam Hussein exhorte les
chiites irakiens au "jihad (guerre sainte) contre les
lettre, le Rais irakien répond à des questions qui lui ont
été adressées par un journaliste. Il y salue notamment les
positions de l'ayatollah Sistani à l'égard du Conseil de
gouvernement irakien, affirmant : «Sayyed Sistani jouit de
notre considération.» Fin juin, l'ayatollah Sistani s'était
distingué en émettant une fatwa s'opposant à la rédaction
d'une nouvelle Constitution par une assemblée désignée par
les forces d'occupation, estimant que des élections générales
devaient avoir lieu au préalable. L'ancien président exhorte
en outre les chiites irakiens au djihad contre l'armée américaine.
position de Sayyed (Ali) Sistani (l’une des plus hautes
autorités chiites en Irak) et de la Hawza (autorité
religieuse chiite) à Najaf (au sud de Bagdad) est importante
pour le jihad des Irakiens", indique le message.
Il appelle la
Hawza à "proclamer le jihad pour que tout le peuple
irakien soit uni contre l’occupation".
C’est la première fois qu’une télévision diffuse une lettre
manuscrite attribuée à Saddam Hussein. Six messages audio du
président ont jusque-là été diffusés par des télévisions
arabes, le dernier datant du 1er août.
new handwritten letter from Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein has
urged Iraq's clergy to wage jihad, or holy war, against the
letter was read out on the Arabic satellite television station
Al-Jazeera on this Wednesday 13 evening.
two-page letter says that if the Hawza, Iraq's powerful Shia
Muslim authorities, "calls for a jihad, this would
unify the whole Iraqi people against the occupation".
also welcomes the declaration by a top Shia leader, Grand
Ayatollah Ali Sistani, that any Iraqi constitution drawn up
under the US occupation is "null and void".
respect Mr Sistani and the priority at this stage is to eject
the foreigners and establish peace and safety,"
the letter says.
said the undated letter was written by Saddam Hussein in
answer to questions sent to him by an unnamed journalist,
without giving details of how it was obtained.
OF "SADDAM" LETTER
following is the text of the letter as read by an announcer on
the Qatari satellite TV channel Al-Jazeera on Wednesday.
However the channel did not explain who asked the questions.
[Question:] Did you
hear what Sayyid [Shia cleric Ali] al-Sistani told [Iraqi
Governing Council President Ibrahim] al-Jaafari when the
latter said that they - referring to those appointed by the
occupation authorities as members of the so-called interim
Governing Council - are in the process of drafting a new
constitution? And what is your comment on that?
In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful. Peace and
prayers be upon Prophet Muhammad, his companions and followers.
Yes, I heard that Sayyid al-Sistani told Ibrahim [al-Jaafari]
- and this is what we have learnt - when the latter told him
that they are in the process of drafting a constitution for
Iraq that "any constitution drafted under the US
occupation is null and void, because Iraq needs a constitution
based on the Islamic shariah [law], and because over 95% of
the Iraqi people are Muslims."
the basis of this text, we welcome this statement because it
implies non-recognition of the occupation and considers all
the decisions issued under the occupation as null and void,
including the talk about drafting a new constitution.
[Q:] What about
Sayyid al-Sistani's call for drafting the new constitution on
the basis of the Islamic shariah if the occupation ends?
basic issue at this stage is to expel the foreign occupation
and to ensure security and peace for Iraqis
I think that Sayyid al-Sistani's call is normal. There is
nothing strange in his call if we judge things, including the
concepts and texts of the new constitution, in accordance with
the spirit of our religion and shariah.
[Q:] How can the
constitution be drafted on the basis of the Islamic shariah
when the Iraqi people include Shias, Sunnis and other
religious and sectarian minorities?
Nothing is impossible if we have good intentions and if wisdom
and trust replace hastiness and suspicion. In all conditions,
a sincere and honest dialogue coupled by an honest and
experienced leadership will be able to achieve people's hopes
when it [the dialogue] is conducted away from the spears and
interference of the foreigner, regardless of the colour or
nationality of the foreigner and irrespective of the disguise
he uses to pressure or interfere.
[Q:] Are you
willing to reach an understanding with Al-Sistani on the main
policy in a manner that strengthens the Iraqis' jihad against
the occupation and leads to a form of rule that does not
interfere in the affairs of the Hawza [Shia seminary in Najaf]
and vice versa, after the general basic policies have been
Al-Sistani enjoys our respect. The basic issue at this stage
is to expel the foreign occupation and to ensure security and
peace for Iraqis. Hence, the position of Al-Sistani and the
entire Hawza in Najaf is important for the jihad of the Iraqis.
you know, the Hawza has not called for pursuing jihad to expel
the occupation thus far. This puts part of our people and
those of the Hawza in a position that no sincere person wishes
to continue, but rather hopes it [the Hawza] will lead to
declaring jihad. Therefore, the entire people will be united
in their position against the occupation.
unity will be manifest in all levels, occupations, trends and
leaderships. God will bear witness to all this and will aid
believers after they depend on Him.
[Q:] Are you
prepared to have the Hawza in Najaf represented in the ruling
I do not believe that any sincere person among Iraqis and all
believers, including Al-Sistani, wishes to push things to the
brim of sectarian division, which would weaken the nation and
hearing out the opinion of the Hawza and for the Hawza to hear
us out in order to solve any problem in a way and in a manner
that facilitates successful and sincere work based on each
party's specialisation, whereby no one party would interfere
in the other's affairs, could be achieved through dialogue,
honest relations and sincere desire.
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